How to start gardening in India at home?
If this is what you are looking for: Then you are at the right spot.
There was a time when only those people who had big backyards had the luxury of having a garden but with the advanced technology even the tiniest of the place can be converted into a garden.
This is the reason why Kitchen Gardening in India is getting popular day by day.
Be it your terrace, a small balcony or any other place which receive some amount of sunlight is an appropriate place to start gardening.
And today I am going to cover everything related to it in this post, so grab a cup of tea or coffee and make a few notes.
How to Start Gardening In India At Home – The Complete Guide
Selecting the Location of your Home Garden – Gardening In India (#Step1)
The first thing is to decide the location where you can possibly start gardening at home.
Sunlight will play the most important part in deciding the location of your garden as it is very necessary for the plant’s growth.
So, choose a location that receives at least 3-4 hours of sunlight, and if you can find a spot that receives morning sunlight that is the best place to stick to.
Because the morning sunlight is not very harsh and will never have any negative impact on plants.
If you are from that part of the country where the sunlight gets very harsh then you should consider getting a good quality green net.
Otherwise your plant will either get sunburnt or you will have to move them inside during afternoon every single day.
Which is not a very good idea.
Also, there are a few plants which grows well under shade, so having a green net is must for gardening in India at home.
After sunlight the next big thing is water.
In order for plants to grow they need to be watered regularly.
So, if you choose a location that is close to a water source it will save you from a lot of hard work.
Otherwise you will have to move back and forth from one place to another to fetch water and that will give you a hard time.
Because I have seen people fetch water from the ground floor and take it all the way up to their terrace.
So better choose a location near a water source in the beginning only.
What Do You Want To Grow In Your Garden (#Step 2)
The second important thing that you need to ask yourself is, what are the things that you want to grow in your garden.
Do you want to grow only vegetables for own use?
Or is it going to be a garden where you grow different varieties of plants.
In our terrace garden we are growing numbers of plant, and I have experienced one thing in the last 4 years that vegetables are attacked more by pests than flowers and other plants.
And growing flower plants certainly makes your garden 10 times more gorgeous.
Let me show you some photos of our garden.
So, as you can see from the above images that we are growing different types of plant on our terrace garden which makes more sense then just having vegetable plants.
But it totally depends on you and your choices.
Some Easy Plants To Start Gardening In India At Home
Easy Vegetables To Start With
Easy To Grow Flowering Plant
Useful Plants To Grow
- Aloe Vera
- Money Plant
Basic Things You Should Know About Gardening
When you are just starting with gardening, there are high chances that you are going to make mistakes as every new gardener makes.
but there are a few basic things you should know that will save you from making these rookie mistakes.
Different Water Needs
Different plants has different water needs.
This is one of the important thing you should know:
That you cannot water every plant the same way, some plants require more water, some requires very less water.
So, whenever you get any plant, make sure to check its care guide and how much water it needs. This will help you from not overwatering or underwatering it.
Just like water needs, each plant has it own way to tackle sunlight, some loves to stand under it, others like to get filtered sunlight.
So, make sure to be aware of that as well and don’t put every plant under sunlight thinking that they all need sunlight to make food.
You plant will get sunburnt.
Make Drainage Holes
Always make drainage holes at the bottom of the container, as this helps in allowing excess water to drain out and passage of air which is very necessary for a plants growth.
If you don’t make these holes, your plant will suffocate and die.
When the temperature is too hot, the water evaporates too quickly and you need to water the plants frequently.
Mulching is the process in which you cover the top of the potting soil with chopped leaves, grass clippings to avoid evaporation and provide a moist environment to the plant.
Essential Things Required For Gardening In India At Home
Once you have decided the location of your garden now is the time to get to know about the essentials things you will require in order to start your garden.
A container can be anything either a pot, grow bag or any recycled bottle, buckets or tub.
It is these containers inside which your plants are going to grow.
Now you must be wondering… From where can we buy these pots or grow bags?
The answer is very simple everything is available online these days and you can get them easily on Amazon or you can also get them from any nearby nursery.
Things To Keep In Mind While Buying Containers:
Go for light weight containers, as it will be easier to move them from once place to another & these containers will put minimal weight on the structure so less damage.
Make sure the container is UV protected, as they are going to be under direct sunlight for most of the times, otherwise they will get damaged very quickly.
These good quality grow bags are UV protected.
Don’t use cement pots, as they are very heavy in weight and doesn’t allow space for the roots to grow.
Growing Medium (Soil):
Growing medium is the soil that is used for growing plants in containers.
It is also called potting soil & has different ingredients in it to make it suitable for container gardening.
Because, in container gardening, we are growing plants in very confined space, so if we use only garden soil, then plants gets suffocated and ultimately die.
These potting soil contains Coco peat (coconut husk) in large quantity instead of the normal garden soil and other ingredients as well like Perlite, vermiculite or coarse sand according to the plant type to provide it a better environment.
This is one thing you should know that:
You cannot use 100% normal garden soil while growing plants in Container as they are very stiff and the roots of the plants inside container won’t get enough air and space to grow and ultimately suffers.
On the other hand, Coco peat is light in nature and provide enough room for the roots to expand freely.
So, they are the perfect choice for growing plants in container and for people who doesn’t have the luxury of a backyard.
You can get pre made potting soil online.
Some of the best quality potting mix available is: ( buy a few first and see if it works for you and then buy according to your needs)
These potting soil comes with pre mix fertilizer so you wont need to add it again.
But it is a good practice to add fertilizer every 1 month or 2 according to plants need.
For plants to bear vegetable and flowers it needs proper nutrition and that is why Compost (Vermicompost, Fertilizer, Manure) comes is needed.
Every plant needs a dose of fertilizer after a certain period of time when it starts the process of making vegetables, fruit or flower.
So, fertilizer is also one of the important things to start gardening.
You can make your own compost from kitchen waste at home as well.
One of the biggest enemies of gardens are small pesticides that you should be aware of and should know the ways to tackle them.
When you start gardening you should check for these small insects regularly on the leaves, behind the leaves and even in the potting soil.
If your garden gets attacked by them – Neem Oil is your best bet.
Mix it with water and spray over these bugs and you will get rid of them within a few days.
If the potting soil is attacked by them you can add neem cake in the soil for protection against them.
Must Have Tools For Gardening In India At Home
Watering Can or Spray
Usually people who are new to gardening starts to water their plants with the help of pipe in which the force of the water is strong.
Due to which the roots of the new plants or say saplings gets badly damage and such powerful force can even dig a hole in the potting soil.
So using a regular pipe is not advisable and you must get a watering can or spray in which the force of the water is very gentle and good for the plants.
If you don’t want to invest money in watering cans or pressure sprays.
One thing you can use is old water bottles and make a few holes in its cap that can work but not pipes.
Scissors or Pruners
Pruning is one of the best practices in gardening which helps in healthy growth of the plant.
Whenever a plant develops a stem that gets old and doesn’t bear any leaves it is best to cut it as it takes essential nutrients and not let the healthy stems to grow.
This is where a pruner comes into play, it is a tool that is used to cut old stems, you can also use a sharp scissor in place of it.
I am not telling you all other essential tools because not everybody needs every tool but end up buying them for no use, so just start with these basic and then keep on adding whichever tool you thing you are in need of.
You can always come to Garden Troubles to find out your answers on Gardening.
I hope this step by step guide on gardening at home in India helped you take better decision and simplified your doubts on where to actually start.
Share it with your friends who are still waiting to find inspiration to start gardening and make it easier for them as well.
If your doubts are still not answered, then make sure to leave them through the comment section, I will be happy to help you in every possible way.