Planting a seed and watching it turn into a plant is an experience that will fill you with an immense joy.
You get so connected to it emotionally that it feels like a part of yours.
But the contrary is heartbreaking. (Trust me, I have learned it the hard way)
And, when you are doing it for the first time without any help, it seems very confusing and there are high chances it can go the other way.
If you are looking for guidance on how to plant a seed step by step.
Then, you are at the right spot.
Today, you will see how does a plant grows from seed and how does the process looks like?
So, how does the process of growing plants from seed looks like?
Get a container (seedling tray, flat tray, egg carton etc.) fill it with potting soil, water it gently with the help of water sprayer making the soil evenly moist, sow the seeds and bury them at appropriate depth (depends on what you are growing) and then cover it with a bit of potting soil. Now, water it again lightly without disrupting the seeds. Keep the container in a location where it gets filtered sunlight (direct light will be too harsh for the seeds). Keep watering it whenever the soil gets dry and watch the seedlings come out of it.
This was a quick overview of the whole process.
But there is much more to it, so let’s see it.
How to Plant A Seed – How to Grow Plants from Seed (Step by Step Guide)
Choosing the Right Season for the Seed
The first important part of planting seeds is choosing the right season.
If you have spent any time doing gardening, you must be aware by now that every plant has its own specific season in which it grows and you just can’t grow it in off season.
So, even before planting a seed, just check whether this is the right time to grow that particular plant or not.
Which heavily depends on what part of the world you are in, check with your local gardening websites.
[For Indian – You can check this Vegetable Seed Planting Chart.]
Choosing High Quality Seed
So, the next and the most important part of seedling plant is choosing a good quality seed.
Because, if the seeds you choose are not of good quality, then even if you follow all the things correctly it will never show any sign of life.
Always try to get seeds that are pure, Non-GMO (genetically modified) & not chemically treated.
Container For Planting Seed
Once you have decided what to grow, now is the time when things start going.
In order to plant seeds, you will need a container, it can either be a seedling tray (highly recommended for beginners), flat tray or even egg cartons.
(Seedling tray will lessen your burden to space out the seeds as it comes with properly spaced holes).
This will be the container where you will be doing the complete process of planting seeds and watch them grow into seedlings.
Whichever type of container you choose, make sure to make 3-4 holes at the bottom of it.
This serves two purposes and is extremely important:
- Allows Excess Water to Flush Out of the Container, if there are no drainage holes, the water will remain at the bottom and will cause root rot.
- It allows air circulation, which is very vital for the growth of seeds.
Potting Soil – For Growing Plants From Seed
Potting Soil is the growing medium in which you will be sowing the seeds.
So, it is very important to choose a good quality potting soil which has all the ingredients to help the seeds to grow healthy.
The soil needs to be good at holding moisture and be able to drain excess water out.
This potting soil from Trust Basket is quite good and fulfils the purpose.
Anyways, you can always make your own potting soil at home.
Filling the Container with Potting Soil
Now, the next step is to fill the container with the potting soil.
Leaving only a few cm from the top.
Once you have filled it with potting soil make sure to press it gently, so that no air pocket is left.
Then, water it gently with the help of Watering Spray, and make the soil evenly moist.
Sowing Seeds – Important Step To Grow Plants From Seed
Now, you have come to the part, which you have been waiting for, sowing the seeds.
The general rule of sowing seeds is that, you should sow them at least 3-4 cm apart from each other.
Because, if they are sown very close to each other, they start to fight for food and grows unhealthy or in some cases not grow at all. (this is where seedling tray comes handy)
The other important thing is, how deep should seeds be buried inside the soil?
It highly depends on, which plant’s seeds are you trying to sow.
Like lettuce needs sunlight to grow so they aren’t buried very deep and only a thin layer of potting soil is sprinkled over them.
On the other hand – broccoli is buried around 1.5 inches deep inside the soil.
So, it mostly depends on what type of plant are you sowing and is extremely important for proper growth.
Sunlight – Essential For Every Plants Growth
After sowing seeds, sprinkle a little bit of water again to make the soil moist.
Then keep the seedling tray in a location that receives indirect or filtered sunlight (like – under green net)
Sunlight is very important for the growth of plants so make sure you are not depriving the seeds of it.
Maintaining Moisture – Crucial Step of Growing Plants From Seed
Whenever the soil feels dry, water it so much that the soil becomes moist.
Never overwater as it can make all your effort to go in vain.
Before watering make sure to check the soil by touching it with your fingers and see if its dry or not.
If it feels wet, then skip watering.
How To Grow Plants From Seed Fast – Speed Up the Germination Process
Germination is the process of seeds turning into saplings or developing leaves.
Every plant has their own germination period which usually ranges from 5-7 days.
There are many seeds which have a hard outer covering (like – bitter gourd) and takes a lot of time to germinate.
So, in order to decrease their germination time, you can soak them overnight in water, so that the hard outer covering softens and seeds germinate faster.
Transferring to Final Pot – Growing Seedlings
If you follow all the above step carefully, then according to the germination period (seeds developing into plant) of the plant, you will see the first set of true leaves.
True leaves are the first two leaves that comes out of the seed and is the sign that you have successfully planted a seed and grown it into a seedling.
Once the true leaves are developed then you can transfer the seedling into their final container without hurting the root system.
I hope this simple step by step guide on growing plants from seeds has helped you with all the question, you might have had in your mind.
I hope that you follow these steps carefully and be able to grow your first plant from seed and experience the ultimate joy it brings.
If you still have any doubts about any step, then you can always ask them through the comment section and I will be happy to help you ASAP.