Vegetable Growing Season Chart in India [For Every Region]

Gardening enthusiasts and farmers across India often grapple with the challenge of determining the best time to plant and harvest various vegetables. The diverse climate zones in the country make it essential to understand the optimal growing seasons for different crops.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the Vegetable Growing Season Chart in India, providing you with valuable insights, detailed tables, and charts to help you navigate successful vegetable cultivation year-round.

Understanding India’s Climate Diversity

India’s vast geographical expanse leads to a wide range of climate conditions, from the cold Himalayan regions to the hot and humid coastal areas. As a result, different parts of the country experience distinct growing seasons.

To cater to this diversity, we’ve divided the country into four major climatic zones: Northern Plains, Southern Peninsula, Coastal Regions, and Hilly Areas.

Vegetable Growing Season Chart in India

Below is a detailed table showcasing the optimal growing seasons for a variety of commonly cultivated vegetables in India.

Please note that these are general guidelines, and local climate variations may necessitate adjustments.

VegetableNorthern PlainsSouthern PeninsulaWestern Coastal RegionEastern Coastal RegionHimalayan Region
TomatoesOct – FebNov – JanOct – FebOct – FebMar – Jul
SpinachOct – JanNov – FebOct – JanOct – JanApr – Aug
CabbageOct – JanNov – FebOct – JanOct – JanApr – Jul
OkraMay – Jul, Oct – NovThroughout the yearThroughout the yearThroughout the yearMay – Jul, Oct – Nov
CarrotsOct – JanOct – JanOct – JanOct – JanApr – Jul
PeppersNov – FebNov – JanOct – FebOct – FebMar – Jul
OnionsNov – JanNov – JanOct – JanOct – JanApr – Jul
EggplantsNov – FebNov – JanOct – FebOct – FebMar – Jun
CauliflowerOct – JanNov – FebOct – JanOct – JanMar – Jul
RadishesOct – JanOct – JanOct – JanOct – JanApr – Jul
BeansOct – JanNov – JanOct – JanOct – JanApr – Jul
CucumbersNov – JanNov – JanOct – FebOct – FebMar – Jun
PumpkinNov – FebNov – JanOct – FebOct – FebMar – Jun
Leafy GreensOct – JanNov – FebOct – JanOct – JanApr – Aug
PeasNov – JanNov – JanOct – JanOct – JanApr – Jul

Also read:
Vegetable Grow Bag Size Chart
Best summer vegetables in India
How to grow tomatoes at home in India

Pro Tips for Successful Cultivation

  1. Soil Preparation: Ensure your soil is well-drained and enriched with organic matter before planting. Different vegetables have distinct soil requirements, so tailor your soil preparation accordingly.
  2. Watering: Adequate watering is crucial, especially during the initial stages. Be mindful of not overwatering, which can lead to root rot.
  3. Crop Rotation: To prevent soil-borne diseases and optimize nutrient utilization, practice crop rotation by changing the location of different vegetable families each season.
  4. Mulching: Applying organic mulch around plants helps retain soil moisture, suppress weeds, and regulate soil temperature.
  5. Pest Management: Regularly monitor your plants for pests and diseases. Employ natural pest control methods whenever possible.

Top Tips for Triumph

  1. Local Variations: Remember that microclimates can differ within your climatic zone. Pay attention to local weather patterns and soil conditions for the best results.
  2. Seed Selection: Choose vegetable varieties that are well-suited to your region’s climate. Opt for disease-resistant and locally adapted seeds whenever possible.
  3. Soil Enrichment: Enhance your soil with organic matter to improve its structure, drainage, and nutrient content, creating an ideal environment for plant growth.
  4. Seasonal Planning: Utilize the off-season for soil preparation and garden maintenance. This proactive approach ensures a smooth transition between growing periods.
  5. Watering Wisdom: Practice efficient watering techniques, such as mulching to retain moisture and utilizing drip irrigation to minimize water wastage.


Mastering the art of vegetable cultivation in India requires a profound understanding of the country’s diverse climate zones and their respective growing seasons.

With the Vegetable Growing Season Chart in India and the insights shared in this guide, you’re well-equipped to embark on a successful gardening journey year-round.

Remember that local conditions can influence these guidelines, so always stay attuned to your specific region’s weather patterns for the best results.

Happy gardening!