Parijat/Harsingar flower plant is adored all over India.
Because of its unique flowering routine, as this plant only flowers during the night time & shed all its flower once the sunlight falls over it.
How to grow Parijat plant at home is what you are going to learn today from this post.
So, make sure you read it till the last because I have also told about its care requirement and how to keep it healthy.
Let’s dive into the action.
How to Grow Parijat/Harsingar Plant – Step by Step
Best time to grow Parijat/Harsingar Plant?
The best time to grow Parijat/Harsringar plant from cutting is during monsoon season, when the temperature ranges from 25-35 degree Celsius.
So, it should be grown around June – Early September.
Steps to Grow Parijat/Harsingar Plant From Cutting
To grow Parijat /Harsingar plant from cutting, you simply need to get a few cuttings of about 6-8 inch, which are little brownish in color. Fill a container with fast draining potting soil and plant these cuttings inside it and cover it with a bag to give it heat and retain moisture.
Choosing the Right Cuttings
To get the right cuttings, make sure that the cuttings are at least 6-8 inches in size and have 4-5 leaves on it. Don’t get the ones that are tender and looks greener. It should be brown in color or a bit matured.
Now, remove all the leaves from its bottom part, only keeping 2-3 leaves on its top.
Now, cut the bottom part of the cuttings at 45-degree angle, you don’t have to be precise but this help in increasing the surface area, which then helps in absorbing more nutrients and water.
Preparing the container
Take a container (8 inch) make a drainage hole at the bottom of it.
Now, fill it with potting mix.
The soil for growing Parijat/Harsingar cutting needs to be fast draining and should have following ingredients.
- Garden Soil – 1/3 part
- 1/3 Part Cow dung or Vermicompost
- River Sand 1/3rd part
- Add a handful of fungicide.
Once the container is ready.
Promoting Root Growth
Dip the bottom of cuttings in rooting hormone and then insert them inside the soil about 1-1.5 inches deep.
And press gently around it.
Water thoroughly after planting the cutting.
And now comes the most important part.
Cover these potted cutting with the help of either plastic bag or plastic bottle for greenhouse effect.
And keep it in under shade.
After 10-12 days remove the plastic bag/bottle and if everything goes well you will see new life seeping through it.
Now you can move it to a bigger pot whenever it starts outgrowing its current pot.
Harsingar (Parijat) Flowering Season
The flowering season of Harsingar (Parijat) plant is from August till December.
Once the monsoon has passed and the weather starts to get a bit dry with longer nights.
This is the time when the gorgeous flowers of Harsingar starts to come into life.
Although, if frost comes earlier at your location then it will stop blooming a bit earlier (November).
Parijat Plant Not Flowering
Parijat plant not flowering is caused by 3 main reasons:
- Sunlight (Too little or too much)
- Not feeding it with Fertilizer
- Not watering it properly
Giving it too much of direct sunlight
This plant only requires light direct sunlight (morning sunlight), so if your plant is placed in a location where it receives direct sunlight all day consider moving its location. Or if its placed in a shady location Parijat plant will also not be able to flower. The key here is to provide it with direct morning sunlight and then bright indirect sunlight all day long.
Not Providing It with Fertilizer
Parijat is a moderate feeder and requires fertilizer at least twice a year.
And during its flowering season that is from Aug – Dec, you should provide it with well rotted compost or vermicompost for it to have the required nutrients to flower.
The biggest threat to Parijat (Harsingar) plant is standing water, which causes root rot in it. Your plant might be suffering from it without you having any idea about it which is why it is not able to flower.
Just check your soil and see if its wet and soggy then your plant is either in the process of root rot or has already rotted.
Hold back watering for a few days and see if its health improves if not you will need to repot it.
Parijat (Harsingar) Plant Care – The Best Tips
For Parijat (Harsingar) plant care, provide it a fast draining potting soil that has good amount of nutrition. Grow it in a location with moderate sunlight and water deeply only when the few inches of the top layer is dry. Fertilize in the spring and summer season.
Let’s get into more detail:
The Right Potting Soil
Parijat (Harsingar) prefers fast draining nutrient rich soil to grow healthy.
As, this plant suffers root rot easily, adding sand in its potting soil is very important for its proper care and growth.
So, if you are growing it in container then use the following ingredient to make the potting soil:
But first be very sure to make drainage holes at the bottom of the container before filling the potting soil.
- 1/3 Part Garden Soil
- Cow dung or Vermicompost 1/3rd part (the best one in the market)
- 1/3 Part Sand
But if you have a backyard and growing it directly in the ground then you don’t have any such requirements.
Just make sure to dig and add cow dung in it and choose a location where water doesn’t stay as it will cause root rot.
Watering Properly – Crucial Part of Parijat Plant Care
The most important part in taking caring of Parijat or Harsingar flower plant is while watering it.
This plant doesn’t like to stand in water for a long time and if it happens, its root start to rot and the plant will ultimately die.
So, whenever you are growing parijat tree directly in your ground, make sure water doesn’t stay at that area in normal days as well as rainy season.
And before watering it make sure that the soil is dry and if it is dry then flood it with water such that water comes out of the drainage holes.
During summer season, depending on the harshness of the heat, you might need to water it twice in a day.
When growing it in containers, you will need a well-drained soil so that water can flush out of the pot easily.
Always do finger check before watering Harsingar plant in container, that is put your finger 1-2 inch inside the potting soil to feel if its dry or not.
If it has moisture then don’t water it, only water when it feels dry.
Sunlight Requirement – Basic Care for Parijat Flower Plant
There is a beautiful Parijat flower tree at my friend’s backyard and it is grown in such a location that it receives morning sunlight for 2-3 hours and then goes under shade of a bigger plant for the rest of the day.
So, this is what you also need to do for proper care of your Harsingar plant.
Choose a location where it can get light morning sunlight and then during afternoon when the sun is too harsh, it comes under shade.
Too much of afternoon sunlight can burn and ultimately kill your raat ki rani tree.
Fertilizing Harsingar (Parijat) Flower Plant
As this plant grows very big, it requires a good amount of nutrients as well to grow well and keep flowering.
So, you will need to provide at least 1 kg of Vermicompost (the best one) or well rotted home made compost to it twice a year. You can learn to make compost from kitchen waste at home from this guide I wrote.
Once in the month of March and again just before its flowering season that is in August.
Also, add a handful of Neem Khali (pesticide) in the fertilizer for good results.
Pruning During Summer
Raat ki rani plant grows rapidly during summers when it is not flowering and can start growing in one direction and go out of shape.
So, to give a better shape, you should prune it properly during summer season.
For this all you have to do is use a pruner or sharp knife and cut all the small branches going in undesired location.
This will keep the plants growth in check and proper use of nutrition as well.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can We Grow Parijat/Harsingar in pots?
The answer is absolutely yes. Parijat/Harsingar Plant can be grown in pots.
But as this plant grows to a height of 10-20 feet, its root needs a lot of space to grow.
So, whenever it outgrows it present pot, repot it into a bigger one.
Also, always keep pruning it to keep it in shape.
You can get a live plant of Harsingar from Amazon (affiliate link).
Is Harsingar and Parijat Same?
Yes Harsingar and Parijat are same plant. It is known by many other names in different regions of India. Such as Shiuli, Har Shringar and Parijath.
Parijat plant need sunlight?
Yes Parijat plant need moderate amount of sunlight and does best in light morning sunlight.
I hope this guide will help you grow and care for your Parijat plant.
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